German Dachshunds are known to be an extremely devoted and obedient part of a family. They are very skilled at hunting and they can make great watch dogs. Although they prefer the indoors they are well suited for living in apartments. Because of their long backs and short rib cavities, German Dachshunds are susceptible to spinal disc problems. This breed requires care that is not to strenuous or heavy-based. In addition, they are commonly known to suffer from a medical condition called " skilletication". This medical condition causes the cartilages to become separated creating pain that can cause the dog to limp. The back Hollywood cartoons reflect this. In real life, however, these symptoms are not typically seen. The American Kennel Club or the AKC rates the breed with the reputation of being a responsible, trustworthy family dog. Additionally, theATE, the United Dachshund Club is the parent club of the breed. The AKC and the United Dachshund Club have provided a way for Dachshund enthusiasts to come together and share information. Although the pace of modern technology has enabled such a drastic reduction in the number of litters that occur today, we are still in need of being able to understand our breed history and that of our individual dogs. It is important to understand where our dogs came from and how they have adapted to fit into the world of man. The Dachshund breed has deep origins that date back to earliest times, in Germany. Several of these breeds that we associate with the Dachshunds ancestors come from there including the lengthhound, Wire-haired Fox-hound and Pinscher. There are also counterparts that come from France, Switzerland and Italy that are associated with the Dachshunds. The German Dachshund evolved in the following manner. Mating a Perro de Presa Canario with a toy or miniature Sennenhund dog from Germany would result in a Dachshund. However, it is thought that the simpler of these crosses with the Smooth Coat Dachshund or the Miniature Dachshund was the actual ancestor to the Dachshund as we know it today. From there, the Smooth Coat Dachshund would start to lose features that were not compatible to the dogs surroundings, starting out with the appearance of the head and the muzzle. Other increments include the reduction of the size of the skull and eventually the elimination of the tail. It is thought that this process of selective breeding was actually aimed at reducing the undesirable aspects of the Dachshund and aims to make the dog better suited to it's surroundings. There are several traits that the Smooth Coat Dachshund shares with the Miniature and the Old English Sheepdog. The most noticeable feature that these Miniature and Old English Sheepdogs share is the prominent " frowned" forehead. The Miniature version also has the same placement of the ears and the same clearance under the " brows" of the skull. Miniature and Old English Sheepdogs also share the same length of tail, which is also very noticeable. The difference between the two versions of the tail is that the Miniature version has a shorter tail and a thicker tail. The other distinct feature between these dogs is the placement of their teeth. The Dachshund has deformed canines and an overbite, which is present in all three types of these breeds. The Smooth Coat or Smooth Coat Dachshund also has the same common characteristics as the Old English Sheepdog and Heaton, being both long backed and massive in build. They are commonly though of as one distinct breed. There are also differences between the two types, with the Miniature version being pronounced breeder and the Old English Sheepdog being pronounced leasher though the Miniature version is less common. The last variation in this measurement of Dachshund comes in the form of a Heinz 57. The head of this breed is very broad and is found in the heads of all these versions of the Dachshund. Their chest is also very broad and they have what could be considered a egg shaped rib cage. The Dachshund is only one breed, and their height varies from 8 to 16 inches. Weight is between 16 and 32 pounds.